№3 (14) - 2009
MATERIALS OF THE SCIENTIFIC - PRACTICAL SEMINAR
«The agricultural technician of cultivation and seed-growing a potatoin conditions of Northeast region Russian Federation»
on june 13-15, 2009 (the Chuvash Republic)
Batalova G.A., Starikov V.A. Potato: manufacture, varieties and seed-growing
Mitrjukova J.V. Selection of a potato in the Udmurt Republic
Gordeeva A.V., Izmestiev V.M., Rozhencova A.V. Role of the sort shaping the harvest of the potatoes
Korlyakov K.N., Lobanova L.A., Kazakova V.K. Promising cultivars as the reserve of potato productivity raise
Nikolaev I.N., Razumova A.V., Ivanova I.Yu. The influence of mineral and organic adding things on the fertility and quality of potato tubers on the dark grey forest ground of the Chuvash Republic
Nikolaev A.V., Sezonova N.P., Zhukova O.N. The effect of different technologies of haulm killing of potato
Volkov O.V. The Economic feature production seeds and goods potatoes in Republic Mordoviya
Lapteva N.K., Mitkinih L.V., Safina N.Z., Gireva V.M. The estimation of varieties of winter triticale grown under condition of a southern soil-climatic zone of the Kirov region, on productivity and baking properties is conducted
Korjakovtseva L.A., Volkova L.V. Influencing of meteorological conditions on reacting of varieties spring wheat on productivity and quality of a grain
Kazankov J.K.,Danilova E.S. Test of barley variety and cultivated ways at the agrolandcapes for the grain various employ
Efimov A.D., Korotkov A.V., Efimova E.I. Productivity of hops, depending on date and height of cutting
Prokopjev V.P., Vasiljeva L.A. New in cultivation of planting material of hop
AGRICULTURE, AGROCHEMISTRY, AMELIORATION
Shmorgunov G.T., Ermolina V.I. Efficiency of the functioning the different systems of the locked drainage in condition of the Komi Republic
Prokina L.N. Quality of grain of the soya in the conditions of the south of the Nonchernozem zone
Kazankov S.Yu., Antonov V.G. Resource – and energy saving technologies of cultivation of dark-grey forest soils
Matjukov V.S., Tyrina J.O. Genofund Cholmogor cattle (the past, the present and the future)
Ivanov E.G. Mechanism of Outflow of Flooded Stream
Potato: manufacture, varieties and seed-growing
Batalova G.A., Starikov V.A.
Annotation: In 2008 potatoes were grown on the total area of 2.1 million hectare in Russia; in agricultural organizations it occupied about 171 thousand hectares. The basic regions of potato manufacture are Privolzhsky and Central Federal Districts. For increase of manufacture of potato it is necessary to pay the special attention to perfection of system of seed-growing, address breeding and introduction of regional technologies of cultivation.
Key words: potato, seed-growing, breeding, varieties, productivity, gross output, diseases
Selection of a potato in the Udmurt Republic
As a result of selection work for further selection using some grades of potatoes are selected (grades a potato) having a complex of economic - valuable attributes: from one-tubering selections RRIPE - 38 grades; in nursery of hybrids of the second year - 38 hybrids; in nursery of preliminary test – 14 samples; in nursery of the basic test - 9 hybrids; in competitive test of the 1 and 2 year - 12 hybrids and competitive test of the 3 year - 3 hybrids.
Key words: selection, hybrid combination, genotype, grade, nurseries
Role of the sort shaping the harvest of the potatoes
Gordeeva A.V., Izmestiev V.M., Rozhencova A.V.
The researchers have shown, that productivity of the potatoes depends from sort of cultivated, its resistance to defeat disease and of the level of the applicable fertilizer.
Key words: the sort of the potatoes, fertilizer, disease, productivity
Promising cultivars as the reserve of potato productivity raise
Korlyakov K.N., Lobanova L.A, Kazakova V.K.
The choice of the best cultivars is one of the most important factors of potato productivity and stable yields. 44 potato cultivars have being studied in Perm Agricultural Scientific Research Institute during the period 2003 – 2007. Pathogen resistance, dynamics of yield formation, final yields, dry matter and starch content, taste quality were investigated.
Key words: potato, productivity, sort, reproduction, clone, tubers
The influence of mineral and organic adding things on the fertility and quality of potato tubers on the dark grey forest ground of the Chuvash Republic
Nikolaev I.N., Razumova A.V., Ivanova I.Yu.
The use of more accomplished means of chemical treatment which consist of macro and microelements in the helat form allowing to increase the crop accumulation and improve its quality gains great importance in improving the phytosanitary condition on potato planting.
Key words: potato, sort, mineral organic adding things, macro and microelements in helat form, Zhuss-2, Akvarin, Kristalon, Albit, fertility, quality, tubers
The effect of different technologies of haulm killing of potato
Nikolaev A.V., Sezonova N.P., Zhukova O.N.
The article shows the basic results of research on the study of different modes of plant tops removal efficiency while growing seed potatoes of different widespread sorts of groups of ripeness in conditions of Northeast of non-chernozem area of Russia.
Key words: potato, technology of haulm killing, crop yield, production tuber
The Economic feature production seeds and goods potatoes in Republic Mordoviya
Installed advantage production goods club, since there is possibility of the increase their gross collection to account of the introduction modern large powered technology. Increasing the economics production seeds club depends, basically, not from technology, but from price politicians.
Key words: the potatoes, direct expenseses, seeds club, goods club, efficiency, structure of the expenseses
The estimation of varieties of winter triticale grown under conditionof a southern soil-climatic zone of the Kirov region, on productivity and baking properties is conducted
Lapteva N.K., Mitkinih L.V., Safina N.Z., Gireva V.M.
Economy-biological and baking properties of four varieties of winter triticale under conditions of a southern zone of the Kirov region were studied.
Key words: winter triticale, varieties, productivity, baking properties
Influencing of meteorological conditions on reacting of varieties spring wheat on productivity and quality of a grain
Korjakovtseva L.A., Volkova L.V.
In distinguishing agroclimatical conditions 2004-2006years are studied 28 varieties spring wheat from a world gene pool. On a complex of production characters and the qualities of a grain are discharged best for usage as basic material.
Key words:spring wheat, variety, temperature, precipitation, productivity, quality, gluten
Test of barley variety and cultivated ways at the agrolandcapes for the grain various employ
Kazankov J.K., Danilova E.S.
The results of testing barley variety at the various of Chuvashiya agrolandcapes are presented. It has been found that types of the agromicrolandcapes have an essential effect for the level of barley yield, brewers and groats values.
Key words: chuvashiya, testing barley variety, agrolandcapes, brewers values, groats values
Productivity of hops, depending on date and height of cutting
Efimov A.D., Korotkov A.V., EfimovaE.I.
It has been found the level of cutting overcropping stems in autumn or spring to prevent the damage of rootstock. It is explored options on the main rootstock, the first, second pair of buds.
Key words: hop, a scrap of the main rhizomes, a kidney of renewal, productivity
New in cultivation of planting material of hop
Prokopjev V.P. Vasiljeva L.A.
Planting stocks, which was grown from procurable hop plants, allow to increase the yielding of planting material.
Key words: hop, landing stuff of hop, stem and rootlike, cuttings, seeding
Efficiency of the functioning the different systems of the locked drainage in condition of the Komi Republic
Shmorgunov G.T., Ermolina V.I.
Organized monitoring the functioning the different systems of the locked drainage during 1991-2005. It Is Shown perspective installation recirculating drainage filter to designs RTDI AC of the Komi Republic.
Key words: drainage, module of the sewer, layer of the sewer, elements of the feeding
Quality of grain of the soya in the conditions of the south of the Nonchernozem zone
In article results of long-term researches on studying of influence of mineral fertilizers on quality of grain of a soya are resulted. It is established that use of mineral fertilizers in adverse conditions for бобоворизобиального symbiosis raised quantity of a crude protein in grain and essentially reduced in favorable conditions. Also the increase in weight of 1 000 seeds is fixed.
Key words: soya, liming, mineral fertilizers, crop rotation, crude protein, fat, weight of 1 000 grains
Resource – and energy saving technologies of cultivation of dark-grey forest soils
Kazankov S.Yu., Antonov V.G.
Here information about influence of different systems of tillage of dark-grey soil on: its agro physical characteristics, weeding of crops, crop yield and its effective application in Chuvash Republic is adduced.
Key words: crop rotation, cultivation of the land, agricultural implements, agro physical characteristics of soil, weeding of crops, economic effectiveness
Genofund Cholmogor cattle (the past, the present and the future)
Matjukov V.S., Tyrina J.O.
The history of formation destiny of a population of cattle in Russian North and value of its genofund is briefly considered.
Key word: holmogoric breed, genofund, genotype, dairy production
Mechanism of Outflow of Flooded Stream
Spasmodic decrease of pressure in the edge of outlet opening which appears because of local resistance creates trapeziform configuration of pressure in outlet. This isoline divides stream flow into frontier lauyer and stream nuclear and determines wave processes in the stream and change of mass and passive medium.
Key words: agricultural water supply, water-jet installation, ejector, a jet, nozzle, local resistance, jump pressure, isoline, a boundary layer, a nucleus of a stream,area of vacuum, periodicity, additional charging, expansion