№4 (15) - 2009
Batalova G., Budina E., Vedernikov Yu. Influence of elements of varietals technologies on performance of biological potential of oats
Tiunova L., Lisitsyn E. Aluminum resistance of oats, created by traditional methods and methods of cell selection
Batalova G. About finished scientific researches on oat breeding
Kazantsev V. The influence of the seed treatment upon the change of the photosynthetic activity and crop capacity of soy
Yakovleva E. Change of a soils microbic complex under the influence of benz[a]piren various doses
Ivanov V. Prospects of using means of mechanization and fungicides in controlling downy mildew of hop underground parts
Yur’ev V. The methods of preserving the qvality of hop
Mihovich Zh., Zainullina K., Ruban G. Bunias orientalis L. - a new fodder crop in the Komi Republic
Panjukov A. Annotinous agrophytocenosis in tundra zone (creation and transformation)
AGRICULTURE, AGROCHEMISTRY, AMELIORATION
Abashev V. Monitoring of agro-meteorological parameters and drainage runoff at melioration stationary
Pasynkova E. Features of accumulation of proteins and plastic matters in grains of spring wheat cultivated in mixture sowings with vetch
Komarova G., Sadretdinova E. Adaptation of blup-method for population of shvitsky cattle of nizhegorodskaya province
Ivanovsky A., Timkina E., PerminovaZ., Timofeev N. Ecdisteroids and its role in live nature
Isaev V., Burova O., Korobova O., Khrisanfova T., Krevskij M., Zinina E. Technology of intestinal disease protection of young cattle
Kamiński J., Viselga G. The analysis of soil pressure at cultivation of potato
Grudnik P. Energy consumption in post-harvest tillage measures and after crop sowing as an ecological aspect
Krjuchkova L. Nature and problems of State regulation of activity of food markets
Influence of elements of varietals technologies on performance of biological potential of oats
Batalova G., Budina E., Vedernikov Yu.
Influence of elements of varietals technologies, such as seed fractionation, use of Baikal EM-1 preparation, and terms of harvesting on productivity and seed quality of oat cv. Argamak, Ulov, and Freija. The highest productivity and seed quality of oats was obtained at sowing of seeds of large and middle fractions.
Key words:seed productivity, field germination capacity, laboratory germination capacity, germination energy, Baikal EM-1 preparation, harvesting, terminals
Aluminum resistance of oats, created by traditional methods and methods of cell selection
Tiunova L., Lisitsyn E.
The opportunity of obtaining of high-resistant oat samples by methods of traditional selection and in vitro was investigated. It was shown, that increased resistance of plant regenerants not always has a genetic nature. On the other hand, the transfer of a level of aluminum resistance from parents to hybrids at traditional crossings has no precise laws.
Key words: oat, selection, aluminum resistance, hybrids
About finished scientific researches on oat breeding
Results of State Testings of oat Eclipse on State Stations of Varietal Testing of Volga-Vyatka region of Russia were presented. New oat varieties Bucephal and Persheron having high productivity, seed quality, and stress-resistance were transferred to these stations in 2009.
Key words: oat, productivity, varieties, Eclipse, Bucephal, Persheron, covered oat, naked oat
The influence of the seed treatment upon the change of the photosynthetic activity and crop capacity of soy
The data about using different dozes of derozal preparation and the liquid fertilizing and stimulating mixture while seed treatment of soy are repesented. The relation between the preparations’ rate of application and the photosynthetic potential of plants has been proved.
Key words: the photosyntheticpotential of the crops, derozal, the liquid fertilizing and stimulating mixture, net productivity of photosynthesis
Change of a soils microbic complex under the influence of benz[a]piren various doses
Microbiological complex is studed under impacts of benz[a]piren various doses. As a result of low doses, microbiс community decreases in number. Micromycets-indicators of high contain of benz[a]piren in the soils are determine. We suppose that microbiological soil processes conduct to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) selective formation.
Key words: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), benz[a]piren, microbiological complex of soil, pollution indicators
Prospects of using means of mechanization and fungicides in controlling downy mildew of hop underground parts
We describe the symptoms and conseguences damage underground parts of downy mildew, the control disease by low-cutting of rootstock and post-treatment fungicides
Key words: hop, downy mildew, low-cutting of rootstock, fungicide
Methods of preservation of quality of hop
Modes of sulfitation, pressing, technology of granulation, and method of storage of hop in nitric environment were described in the article.
Key words: hop, sulfitation, pressing, granulation, storage
Bunias orientalis L. - a new fodder crop in the Komi Republic
Mihovich Zh., Zainullina K., Ruban G.
The results of study of biological features, economically valuable signs of Bunias orientalis L. in the North are represented in the article. The optimum period of sowing, the duration of seasonal development of perennial plants has been revealed. Crop capacity, qualitative composition of over ground mass & seeds, perspective of growing have been determined.
Key words: bunias orientalis L., introduction, biological features, fodder value
Annotinous agrophytocenosis in tundra zone (creation and transformation)
Results of investigation of process of transformation of main components (vegetation and soils) of annual arable agro-ecosystems in connection with termination of exploitation under conditions of Far North were presented in the article. Main stages of succession change of vegetation of forming post-cultural ecosystem were established.
Key words: meadowmaking, annotinous agrophytocenosis, fallow, meadow community, sward horizon
Monitoring of agro-meteorological parameters and drainage runoff at melioration stationary
Under conditions of Kirov region at sandy loam soils with atmospheric water supply average annual volume of drainage runoff for 26 years was about 176 mm within limits of 41…219 mm. For these soils 27…28% of annual precipitations were lead aside at draining with closed drainage.
Key words: closed drainage, drainage runoff, runoff module, precipitation, snow cover
Features of accumulation of proteins and plastic matters in grains of spring wheat cultivated in mixture sowings with vetch
The results of researches on study of a role of processes of nitrogen and plastic substances re-utilization in wheat plants cultivated separately and in mix with vetch were submitted in the article.
Key words: mixture sowings, wheat, vetch, re-utilization, nitrogen, plastic matters
Adaptation of blup-method for population of shvitsky cattle of nizhegorodskaya province
Komarova G., Sadretdinova E.
In clause results of research under the analysis of efficiency of the various statistical models including various number пparatipicheskixof factors are presented.
Key words: shvitckaibreed, BLUP, statistical model, factor of determination, bulls-manufacturers
Ecdisteroids and its role in live nature
Ivanovsky A., Timkina E., PerminovaZ., Timofeev N.
In article represent reviеw material comparatively bioactivity substance – ecdisteroids. Describe anything ecdisteroids, source production, influence on animals, perspective researches.
Key words: ecdisteroids, leusea, pharmpreparation, blood, plants, biotechnology, immunology
Technology of intestinal disease protection of young cattle
Isaev V., Burova O., Korobova O., Khrisanfova T., Krevskij M., Zinina E.
The technology includes the correction of ration of mothers and the prophylaxis of intestinal disease in their progeny and permits to enhance the immunological status in cows, to decrease the morbidity rate in calves by 40…80%, to increase safekeeping by 1,4-1,8 times and to raise average daily gains by 1.7-2.5 times.
Key words: calves, intestinal diseases, technology, methods of prophylaxis, biologically active substances
The analysis of soil pressure at cultivation of potato
Kamiński J., Viselga G.
There are investigated the agrotechnical means for clumped clay loam soil preparing for potatoes, which permits to form mellower notches, reducing their side pressure, done by aggregate chassises. During trials it was studied the influence of soil mulching and of tracks from multiplex tractor driving upon soil hardness, its density, amount of weeds in crops, amount of impurity during harvesting, injuries of tubers. Rotor cultivator is a mulching machine. Trial were carried out in light clay loam soil growing “Venta”kind potatoes.
Key words: potatoes, technologies, soil properties, mulching
Energy consumption in post-harvest tillage measures and aftercrop sowing as an ecological aspect
Department of Plant Production and Motorization; Instytute for Building, Mechanization and Electrification of Agirculture in Warsaw. The studies focused on three different technological methods of post-harvest soil tillage and aftercrop sowing: a conventional one and simplified tillage methods using U753/3 and U615/1 shallow ploughing aggregates. The experiment was carried out on humus sandy loam soil. Winter wheat stubble height reached 22 cm and its mass amounted to 165 g m¯². Within exploitation test the tillage tools working depth was 12 cm, and working rate exceeded 9 km· h¯¹/ these are the most advantageous indices acquired during the quality tests. The conventional technology requires more energy consumption than the simplified methods, i.e. material and energy inputs are above 150% higher, but fuel consumption and labour inputs are respectively 2 and 3,7 times higher. The conventional method is less effective and requires more working passages of the machine in the field. Moreover, the aftercrop was lower of about 7%.
Key words: energy consumption, post-harvest tillage, tillage aggregate, fuel consumption, exploitation capacity, labour inputs
Nature and problems of State regulation of activity of food markets
Economics of main branches of agro-industrial complex of Kirov province are equal to economics of Russian Federation as whole. Main economical methods of state regulation of market are: regulation of prices, credit rates, bank commissions, donation of some kinds of agricultural foods, etc.
Key words: mechanisms of marked relations, state regulations, economical methods