Quality of Royal Jelly bees of different origin
E-mail: Apis_melifers_melifera_L@mail.ru, Lxingan@sina.com
The results of researches of scientists from different countries on the content of Decene acid (10-HAD) in royal jelly of Apis mellifera L. 10-HDA is a major index in the international standard of quality of royal jelly that determines the pricing of the product. Content of 10-HDA in jelly varies by geographic origin, association with bees forage quality. The change in the content of 10-HDA in royal jelly of honey bees and different breed of Apis cerana cerana F is specified. Royal Jelly of Apis mellifera L. and Far-east black bees was refered to premium content with 2.69% and 2.24% of 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid jelly respectively. Low quality Royal Jelly obtained from Apis cerana cerana F., where 10-HDA content does not exceed 0.97%.
Keywords: apis mellifera L., Apis cerana cerana F., Royal Jelly, 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid